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統計局解讀2018年3月份CPI和PPI數據

發布時間:2018-04-12 瀏覽次數:746 發布者:本站編輯

2018年3月份CPI、PPI同比漲幅均有所回落

——國家統計局城市司高級統計師繩國慶解讀2018年3月份CPI和PPI數據

國家統計局今天發布的2018年3月份全國居民消費價格指數(CPI)和工業生產者出廠價格指數(PPI)數據顯示,CPI環比下降1.1%,同比上漲2.1%;PPI環比下降0.2%,同比上漲3.1%。對此,國家統計局城市司高級統計師繩國慶進行了解讀。

一、CPI環比由漲轉降,同比漲幅有所回落

從環比看,CPI由上月上漲轉為下降,主要受“節日因素”消退影響。一是食品價格節后回落較多,由上月上漲4.4%轉為下降4.2%,影響CPI下降約0.86個百分點。其中,鮮菜和鮮果價格分別下降14.8%和2.4%;豬肉和水產品價格分別下降8.4%和3.2%;雞蛋價格下降9.2%。上述五類生鮮食品合計影響CPI下降約0.81個百分點。二是節后集中出行減少,交通旅游價格大幅下降,飛機票、旅行社收費和長途汽車票價格分別下降18.7%、11.7%和4.7%。三是受國內成品油調價影響,汽油、柴油價格分別下降2.6%和2.9%。此外,服裝換季,價格上漲0.7%;節后租房需求增加,帶動居住價格上漲0.2%。

從同比看,CPI漲幅比上月回落0.8個百分點。食品價格上漲2.1%,漲幅比上月回落2.3個百分點,影響CPI上漲約0.41個百分點。其中,雞蛋、鮮菜和鮮果價格分別上漲21.1%、8.8%和7.4%,合計影響CPI上漲約0.43個百分點。非食品價格上漲2.1%,漲幅比上月回落0.4個百分點,影響CPI上漲約1.65個百分點。其中,醫療保健類價格上漲5.7%,教育服務類價格上漲2.7%,居住類價格上漲2.2%。據測算,在3月份2.1%的同比漲幅中,去年價格變動的翹尾影響約為1.3個百分點,新漲價影響約為0.8個百分點。

二、PPI環比降幅略有擴大,同比漲幅有所回落

從環比看,PPI降幅比上月擴大0.1個百分點。生產資料價格下降0.2%,降幅比上月擴大0.1個百分點;生活資料價格由上月的持平轉為下降0.2%。在主要行業中,降幅擴大的有燃氣生產和供應業,下降1.7%,比上月擴大0.8個百分點;化學原料和化學制品制造業,下降0.4%,擴大0.3個百分點。由升轉降的有石油和天然氣開采業,下降4.4%;石油煤炭及其他燃料加工業,下降2.0%;汽車制造業,下降0.2%。黑色金屬冶煉和壓延加工業由降轉升,上漲0.6%。造紙和紙制品業上漲1.3%,漲幅擴大1.2個百分點。

從同比看,PPI漲幅比上月回落0.6個百分點。生產資料價格上漲4.1%,漲幅比上月回落0.7個百分點;生活資料價格上漲0.2%,回落0.1個百分點。在主要行業中,漲幅回落的有非金屬礦物制品業、黑色金屬冶煉和壓延加工業、石油煤炭及其他燃料加工業、石油和天然氣開采業、有色金屬冶煉和壓延加工業、化學原料和化學制品制造業,合計影響PPI同比漲幅回落約0.43個百分點。漲幅擴大的有造紙和紙制品業,上漲9.2%,擴大1.4個百分點;煤炭開采和洗選業,上漲5.8%,擴大0.9個百分點。據測算,在3月份3.1%的同比漲幅中,去年價格變動的翹尾影響約為3.1個百分點,新漲價影響為0。

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信息來源:中國政府網

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